Monday, January 26, 2015

What Is Cold and Hot Process Handmade Soap Revisted

Method 1
Cold Process Soap Method

Information on what cold process soap and how it is made. Homemade soap is not Lye soap and the finished product does NOT contain active lye in it..

A cold-process soapmaker first looks up the saponification value of the fats being used on a saponification chart, which is then used to calculate the appropriate amount of lye. Excess unreacted lye in the soap will result in a very high pH and can burn or irritate skin. Not enough lye, and the soap is greasy. Most soap makers formulate their recipes with a 4-10% discount of lye so that all of the lye is reacted and that excess fat is left for skin conditioning benefits.

What is saponification?  Saponification is the name given to the chemical reaction that occurs when a vegetable oil or animal fat is mixed with a strong alkali. The products of the reaction are two: soap and glycerin. Water is also present, but it does not enter into the chemical reaction. The water is only a vehicle for the alkali, which is otherwise a dry powder.
The name saponification literally means "soap making". The root word, "sapo", is Latin for soap. The Italian word for soap is sapone. Soap making as an art has its origins in ancient Babylon around 2500 - 2800 BC

The lye is dissolved in water. Then oils are heated, or melted if they are solid at room temperature. Once both substances have cooled to approximately 100-110°F (37-43°C), and are no more than 10°F (~5.5°C) apart, they may be combined. This lye-fat mixture is stirred until "trace" (modern-day amateur soapmakers often use a stick blender to speed this process). There are varying levels of trace. Depending on how your additives will affect trace, they may be added at light trace, medium trace or heavy trace.

Essential oils, fragrance oils, botanicals, herbs, oatmeal or other additives are added at light trace, just as the mixture starts to thicken. After much stirring, the mixture turns to the consistency of a thin pudding.

This is what the soap looks like after mixture has been blended to a think pudding like consistency. It is ready to be poured

The batch is then poured into molds, kept warm with towels or blankets, and left to continue saponification for 18 to 48 hours. Milk soaps are the exception. They do not require insulation. Insulation may cause the milk to burn. During this time, it is normal for the soap to go through a "gel phase" where the opaque soap will turn somewhat transparent for several hours before turning opaque again. The soap will continue to give off heat for many hours after trace.
After the insulation period the soap is firm enough to be removed from the mold and cut into bars. At this time, it is safe to use the soap since saponification is complete. However, cold-process soaps are typically cured and hardened on a drying rack for 2-6 weeks (depending on initial water content) before use. If using caustic soda it is recommended that the soap is left to cure for at least 4 weeks.

We use vegetable oils in all of our soaps that are made from scratch. No animal fats.

Method 2
Whipped Cold Process Soap

Whipped soap is just Cold Process soap put together a little differently and at room temperature therefore the same respect must be given to it as you give your cold process soap. Whipped soap takes a few days or even a week to get really hard and it is still saponifying during this period. The soap is blended using a mixer not a stick blender. This gives the soap a nice whipped texture. When color is added, it give the soap a nice pastel color.

Method 3
Hot Process Soap

Hot-Processed Soap (also known as HP soap) - This is a soapmaking technique right out of the dark ages when they used to boil soap in vats over open fires. Heat is applied (using a double boiler, microwave, oven, or crockpot) after the trace stage to accelerate saponification. The soap is thoroughly cooked until saponification is complete.

Hot-process soap finished product does not have a smooth texture like the Cold process soap but more of a rustic natural look to it and can be used right away unlike the cold process soap which takes several weeks to cure.

Thanks for stopping by

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Saturday, January 3, 2015

Shea Butter Lotion Is Back

Yes the Shea Butter lotion is back again. So where has it been? Well I stopped making it for awhile. This has been one of all time favorite products and first recipe that I have created for Pegasus Soaps. It did well for a long time for those that are familiar with it then it just fizzled.  During that time that it was not available, my husband and I just used it for ourselves.  He suggested that I bring it back but I hesitated because of the lack of interest in the lotion. 

This Shea Butter lotion is the best lotion I have ever made a recipe for. It really does cut down on that itchy dry skin we all complain about during the Winter months.  I reformulate the recipe now to accommodate Summer dry skin for over exposure to the Summer heat. It is not a greasy lotion but it will quickly absorb into the skin when applied. My husband absolutely love this lotion. This works wonders for that tight dry skin feeling you get from the dry winter weather you feels and revitalize it leaving you ski feeling smooth and relieved. I will have samples available soon for those that have yet to try it. 

 Ingredients: Spring water, Aloe vera gel, refined Shea Butter, refine Cocoa butter, Emulsifying wax,Stearic acid,Almond oil,Safflower oil, vegetable glycerin, Phenoxyethanol and Caprylyl Glycol(Optiphen) preservative, fragrance. No color added.

Thanks for stopping by and next time you visit any of our online shops, why not pick yourself up a bottle of Shea Butter Lotion.

Pegasus Soaps

Thursday, December 18, 2014

Vegetable Stacks - this is Delicious

Eggplant, Red Potatoes, Zucchini, Mushrooms and Tomato! Yummy! (skip the tators)

1 Tbsp. olive oil
1 medium yellow onion
1 tsp. minced garlic
1 medium zucchini
1 small Chinese Eggplant

1/2 cup Mushrooms1 medium red potato(optional)
1 medium tomato
1 tsp. dried thyme to taste
    salt & pepper
   1 cup your favorite shredded cheese

Directions: STEP 1: Preheat the oven to 400 degrees. Finely dice the onion and mince the garlic. Sauté both in a skillet with olive oil until softened (about five minutes). STEP 2: While the onion and garlic are sauteing, thinly slice the rest of the vegetables. STEP 3: Spray the inside of an 8x8 square or round baking dish with non-stick spray. Spread the softened onion and garlic in the bottom of the dish. Place the thinly sliced vegetables in the baking dish vertically, in an alternating pattern. Sprinkle generously with salt, pepper, and thyme. STEP 4: Cover the dish with foil and bake for 30 minutes. Remove the foil, top with cheese and bake for another 15-20 minutes or until the cheese is golden brown

Saturday, November 29, 2014

Cyber Monday Sale!!

Save 15% off on all items at our at our website til Friday December 5, 2014 
No Coupon Codes needed.

Save 15% off at our New online shop at TheCraftstar with coupon code CYBER15

Sale valid on in stock items only. Cannot be combined with any other online offers.

Wednesday, November 19, 2014

Save Your Winter Skin

Winter is among us very early this year. In some parts of the country, they have seen snow already and lost of it. Fortunate for us we haven't seen any snow, just very cold temps.

Even though around the country the weather may vary, the problems with our skin are similar. Dry itchy skin. In the winter your skin deals with a lot of harsh environments, strong winds, cold air, indoor heaters, rain, snow, sleet and an overall lack of a good healthy dose of sunlight. We are left with dry skin that can become chapped and cracked. The cures to your skin’s winter ailments are simple. Your skin this winter should be to moisturize, exfoliate and moisturize again. Keep moisture in mind with all the choices you make in your skin care regime. Your skin functions differently in the winters so you need to change your routines.

Cleanse: Winter is the time of year when you need to get rid of cleansers, surfactant and  detergent ingredients and stock up on cream cleansers. Cleansing creams, lotions and milks are very effective cleansers

Tone: Put away your astringents and switch to a toner for winter. Your skin needs to be soothed and balanced and not dried out further by an astringent.

Moisturize: Choose heavier cream ( Shea Butter, Cocoa Butter etc)  in the winter than you would in the summer months. Feel free to use your heavy eye cream around your lips and entire face. If your skin is itching it is because the dry air of winter is causing the moisture in the top layer of your skin to evaporate quickly. You will need to slather those areas with extra moisture until you feel relief. Never be afraid of using pure oils like Jojoba, Coconut and Sweet Almond oils as example of rich oils to use on your skin in the winter months. Creams and lotions that contain coconut oil or olive oil is a great thing to have on hand all winter. During the cold and flu season you should wash your hands liberally but be certain to apply a heavy hand creams every time you wash your hands. Some areas have really bad hard water with chlorine and can also cause your hands to get dry.

 Exfoliate: Exfoliate twice per week to remove dead skin cells and allow your skin to absorb the extra moisture you are lathering on. Have you ever wondered about the areas of your skin that looks like your skin is flaking off your body? What happens is that during the winter months there are thousands of dry skin cells ready to be sloughed off the surface and they become clumped together with oil which forms what appear to be flakes. Exfoliate your skin with added butters or oil based exfoliates and your body will soak up the rich oils of a butter or oil based body scrub.

Another Shower tip:   Start the day with a hot steamy shower and just as you are finishing switch the water to cold for about fifteen seconds. Repeat the process for two minutes. This will help revitalize your skin by stimulating the flow of blood through the skin.

 Applying Body Oil and Creams Apply body oil or creams right after a hot bath or shower, but did you know you can apply lotion or creams while you are in the shower or bath. The heat and steam from the shower allows your skin to thoroughly absorb moisture. Once you bring your body oil, lotion and or creams into the shower try shaving with them. The rich oils protect your skin and give your razor a perfect glide. After you try it you might never go back to shaving with soap or shaving cream.

Just remember that during the Winter months our skin takes a beating and you want to keep it fresh, smooth and clean and remember to moisturize, exfoliate and moisturize again!

Thank you for stopping by
Pegasus Soaps